ADVANTAGE AND LACK OF INTEGRATED LEARNING
A. Definition of Integrated Learning
Integrated learning is an approach to learning that intentionally links several aspects both in intra-subjects and between subjects. With the integration, students will gain knowledge and skills as a whole so that learning becomes meaningful for students. Meaning here means that in integrated learning students will be able to understand the concepts they learn through direct and real experiences that connect between concepts in intra-subjects and between subjects.
Some of the meanings of integrated learning proposed by several integrated learning experts include:
(1) according to Cohen and Manion (1992) and Brand (1991), there are three possible variations in integrated learning relating to education carried out in an atmosphere of progressive education namely integrated curriculum, integrated day, and integrated learning (integrated learning). The integrated curriculum is an activity to organize the integration of various subject matter through a cross-field theme to form a meaningful whole so that the boundaries between various fields of study are not rigorous or can be said to be nonexistent. The integrated day is in the form of designing student activities from a class on a particular day to study or work on various activities according to their interests. Meanwhile, integrated learning refers to learning activities that are organized in a more structured manner that departs from certain themes or specific lessons as the center point (center core/center of interest);
(2) integrated learning is a learning process by involving/linking various fields of study. And there are two meanings that need to be put forward to eliminate confusion from the notion of integrated learning above, namely the concept of integrated learning and integrated science.
integrated learning is an approach to teaching and learning that involves several fields of study. This approach to teaching and learning is expected to be able to provide meaningful experiences to our students. Meaning here because in integrated learning children are expected to gain an understanding of the concepts they learn through direct experience and relate them to other concepts that they have understood.
Integrated learning is an approach to teaching and learning that pays attention to and adjusts to the level of development of students (Developmentally Appropriate Practical). The approach that departs from learning theory that rejects drill-system as a basis for forming knowledge and intellectual structure of children
Integrated science learning must use relevant and related themes. The material that is integrated is still within the scope of the scientific study field.
B. Characteristics of Integrated Learning
As a process, integrated learning has the following characteristics.
1. Child-centered learning.
Integrated learning is said to be child-centered learning because basically integrated learning is a learning system that provides flexibility to students, both individually and in groups. Students can actively seek, explore, and find concepts and principles from a knowledge that must be mastered in accordance with its development.
2. Emphasize the formation of understanding and meaningfulness.
Integrated learning examines a phenomenon from various aspects that form a kind of inter-schematic relationship between students so that it will have an impact on the meaningfulness of the material students learn. The tangible results obtained from all the concepts obtained and their relevance to other concepts learned and resulted in learning activities becoming more meaningful. This is expected to result in the ability of students to be able to apply their learning gains to solving real problems in their lives.
3. Learning Through Direct Experience
Students will understand the learning outcomes according to the facts and events they experience, not just information from the teacher. The teacher acts more as a facilitator and catalyst that guides the goals to be achieved. While students as facts and information search actors to develop their knowledge.
4. More attention to the process rather than mere results.
In integrated learning developed the discovery inquiry (guided discovery) approach that involves students actively in the learning process, starting from planning, implementation to the evaluation process. Integrated learning is carried out by looking at the desires, interests, and abilities of students, allowing students to be motivated to learn continuously.
5. Loaded with related content
Integrated learning focuses on observing and studying a symptom or event from several subjects at once, not from a fragmented perspective. So as to enable students to understand a learning phenomenon from all sides, which in turn will make students wiser and wiser in addressing or dealing with existing events.
C. Integrated Learning Models
According to Fogarty (1991) when viewed from the nature of the material and the way to integrate the concepts, skills and thematic units there are 10 integrated learning models. Of the ten learning models proposed by Fogarty, only 3 models were used in the PGSD curriculum, namely connected models, webbed models, and integrated models.child health, Child nutrition, child psychology, Education kid, Guided Lessons, kid sports