Taking notes is very important in the learning process.
Our culture of learning in college has not provided enough space for
teaching learning skills to students. And they don’t know yet
a lot about note taking, and or notes skills. Do notes that are linear, neat
and if typed can be a dictate immediately is a good record? On what media
Should lecture notes be made? Whether in notebooks, paper binders, opaque paper, small notes,
or directly recorded electronically on a laptop? Is the optimal method of recording lectures in
class and record the literature?
When reading non-fiction and article books, sometimes we are interested in something
and therefore we need to keep that in mind. Some of us usually
will immediately take a highlighter, or pencil and start crossing or writing notes on
the book page in question. What a pity if the book we scribble is
is an expensive book or a rare book.

Therefore, there are several reasons for this
take notes as follows:
1. because you need information or ideas
2. because you love scribbling on the book
3. because if you have to look back on the concept that you think is important in the book
it will be difficult

Mark andrew (2006), explains some of the benefits of notes, namely:
1. to see the reading structure
2. to quote interesting, useful things or something that is needed
3. to remember
4. to search again sometime later
5. to help concentration and understand what is read

The main material that needs to be recorded includes:
1. key elements: central ideas, big issues, important information
2. the author’s goals and assumptions about certain things
3. useful details and facts such as statistics and diagrams
4. subject matter followed by questions, alternative ideas, and ideas, comments, opinions, …

Effect of Online Games on Child Development

Technology development is very rapid, making it easy for children to access the various kinds of information they want very easily through an internet connection. One that can be accessed by children is online games. Online games are games that connect the players via an internet connection. The development of online games is inseparable from the development of games from generation to generation. The first generation game appeared at Atari 2600, this game was a game released in 1977 better known as VCS (Video Computer System), then the second generation game appeared with Atari 7800 in 1986, then the third generation appeared NES (Nintendo Entertainment System). The fourth generation is Playstation to the current generation of games, namely online games that come with internet connections such as counter strike games, the age of empires, the clash of clans, and others. Game changes from generation to generation are very influential on the players who are often called gamers, gamers are competing to own and play online games that they like.

Online games have a considerable influence on people who play the game, one of them is children because they already have and play online games. Today’s children are accustomed to using gadgets to play online games, this is a mistake from parents. Parents may only want to show affection to children by providing various facilities such as sophisticated gadgets, but indirectly parents have taught negative things to children that can disrupt children’s development in the future. Online games can have a negative influence on children’s development, a very visible influence is that children will forget time and spend hours playing online games, children will be addicted to playing online games so that children will have a sense of desire to play continuously, as a result, the child will experience disease disorders …

How important is child training from the start?

When Florence was 40 years old, he craved a child. However, when she is pregnant, the doctor informs her that her baby may have learning disabilities. He did not despair and finally gave birth to a healthy baby.

Shortly after Stephen was born, Florence began reading stories and talking to his son on every occasion. As he grew, they played, went for walks, learned to count, and sang together. “Even when bathing, we play,” he recalls. His work turned out to be in vain.

When he was a teenager, Stephen graduated with honors from the University of Miami. Two years later, at the age of 16, he graduated from law school, and according to his biography, he later became the youngest lawyer in the United States. His mother, Dr. Florence Baccus — a former teacher and retired tutor — has devoted a lot of time to conducting research on education for children from an early age. He believes that the attention and stimulation, or stimulation, that he gives to his baby changes the child’s future.

Default versus Care

What is often debated by child psychologists lately is what factors play a role in the development of a child, whether it’s the innate nature or the way he is cared for and trained. Most researchers believe that child development is influenced by the combination of these two factors.

An expert on child development, Dr. J. Fraser Mustard, explained, “According to our current observations, experience in the early years of a child’s life affects the development of his brain.” Professor Susan Greenfield also stated, “For example, we know that parts of the brain that are associated with the movement of the left-hand finger on the violin players are more developed than others. “

What training should be given

Responding to the results …


Appropriate Education

A. Definition of Integrated Learning

Integrated learning is an approach to learning that intentionally links several aspects both in intra-subjects and between subjects. With the integration, students will gain knowledge and skills as a whole so that learning becomes meaningful for students. Meaning here means that in integrated learning students will be able to understand the concepts they learn through direct and real experiences that connect between concepts in intra-subjects and between subjects.

Some of the meanings of integrated learning proposed by several integrated learning experts include:

(1) according to Cohen and Manion (1992) and Brand (1991), there are three possible variations in integrated learning relating to education carried out in an atmosphere of progressive education namely integrated curriculum, integrated day, and integrated learning (integrated learning). The integrated curriculum is an activity to organize the integration of various subject matter through a cross-field theme to form a meaningful whole so that the boundaries between various fields of study are not rigorous or can be said to be nonexistent. The integrated day is in the form of designing student activities from a class on a particular day to study or work on various activities according to their interests. Meanwhile, integrated learning refers to learning activities that are organized in a more structured manner that departs from certain themes or specific lessons as the center point (center core/center of interest);

(2) integrated learning is a learning process by involving/linking various fields of study. And there are two meanings that need to be put forward to eliminate confusion from the notion of integrated learning above, namely the concept of integrated learning and integrated science.

integrated learning is an approach to teaching and learning that involves several fields of study. This approach to teaching and learning is expected to be able to …

Psychology of Early Childhood Development – Definition and Scope

The development and growth of a child have several important times that cannot be missed. An important period in the development of a child is when he is still an early age, that is, when he is born until he reaches his toddler age.

These times are often referred to as the golden age, namely the times when a child is absorbing everything that is in his environment and that is around him, and all that he absorbs will affect the child’s development mentally and personally.

Some say that the golden age of children is from the age of 0 – 5 years but there are also those who state that the golden age of children’s growth is from the age of 0-8 years. Early age is the time for a child to experience cognitive, physical, social and emotional development. Watching a child experience motoric, cognitive, emotional, language and social development is an amazing thing for parents or caregivers.

About Developmental Psychology

Witnessing a child experiencing rapid development often makes parents amazed and overwhelmed, even unable to follow in detail the child’s development. The study of human development is a material that is rich and varied.

Even though everyone has their own experience regarding its development, it is sometimes difficult to truly understand how exactly humans grow, change and learn. Talking about early childhood psychology, also can not be separated from the study of cognitive, affective and psychomotor needed in educational psychology that parents and teachers need to know.

Developmental psychology is part of the branches of psychology in the form of a study carried out to understand and explain how humans grow and change along with their lifelines. The researchers explored various kinds of things that can influence, including how genetic makeup can affect children’s development as well as …