Childhood is the peak of body growth and development because it requires a good environment to support the process. One of the factors that influence a child’s growth is nutrients obtained from foods eaten by children. There are no nutrients that can work alone to maximize children’s growth, all have their respective roles. So, children need various kinds of nutrients so that the growth process can run normally and quickly.
Actually, what nutrients do children need to grow normally and so that their growth can reach a maximum peak?
1. Calcium, an important substance for bone health
Calcium is a mineral that can help bones grow optimally and give density, so it is not easily porous. Not only is it needed by bones, but calcium is also needed for heart function, blood clotting, and muscle function, although in fairly small amounts.
Basically, when the body lacks calcium, calcium reserves in the bones will be taken to replace the deficiencies. Because the main function of calcium is to solidify and strengthen bones, calcium deficiency can lead to osteoporosis later on.
The main source of calcium is all milk products. Calcium needs depend on the age of the child, according to the Ministry of Health are:
Ages 0-6 months: 200 mg / day
Age of 7-11 months: 250 mg / day
Ages 1-9 years: 500 mg / day
Age 10-18 years: 1200 mg / day
2. Vitamin D helps the absorption of calcium in the body
Vitamin D plays a role in the absorption of calcium that is in food, then with calcium makes bones stronger. Vitamin D is found in various kinds of dairy products, as well as sun exposure. Vitamin D needed by children is:
Age 0-11 months: 5 mg / day
Age 1-18 years: 15 mg / day