Actually each casual and formal learning has nothing to do with the formality of the training however quite the path of who controls the training aims or goals. We could nicely want to query this characterization of formal learning, but presumably non-formal learning might be seen as involving a non-prescribed studying framework, inside or non-specification of consequence, no designated lecturers and so forth. The purpose that Eraut seeks to make is that we need to discover the complete range of studying processes or modes that fall within the domain of ‘non-formal studying’.
The problems with learing or traning ROI are nicely documented, and it seems to be to me like a few of these issues are actually exacerbated when we try to evaluate simply how efficient casual learning efforts is likely to be. Additional complicating the entire assessment puzzle is the truth that organizational cultures, learning targets, obtainable knowledge, etc.
I may see a casual session that has small formal components comparable to a date and time that is despatched out, and involved individuals can attend on the date and time after doing maybe just a little prework to get into Second Life, and then as soon as the date arrives and so they have achieved the prework, you possibly can present them around within the Second Life atmosphere.
WhatsApp , often seen as a social app used by groups of associates, could be a highly effective micro-studying platform the place members of a group can and already do share interesting hyperlinks, photographs, write-ups, posts and so on. The strategy currently may not have taken studying into consideration however incidental studying is occurring anyways although perhaps going unrecognized.